When it comes to painting furniture there are many dos and don’ts. Just painting the furniture is easy but it will most likely come out looking rather terrible, there are ways to get around this. The usual issue is prepping before painting, it’s what most people forget about.
Preparations for Painting
The most important thing to do before painting any piece of furniture is to prep before anything else.
You should first remove any handles or latches using a screwdriver as well as remove any drawers out of the frame to make the whole piece easier to paint.
If you want to remove any stains, then you should use a solution of vinegar (per 250ml water use 2 tablespoons of vinegar). Before you do anything rash then you must test the solution on a small part of the furniture first to check if the concentration is correct.
Do you want to replace the recently removed handles with different ones? If the new ones are a different shape or size, then use wood filler to fill both sides of the previous holes, make sure the filler is completely dry before you do anything else.
Next is an important part, sanding. You can either use a power sander or go by hand with fine-grit sandpaper to sand down the filler. Make sure to sand down lightly all the surfaces that will be painted. When sanding you must go in the direction of the grain.
Lastly, with a damp cloth, you must wipe down all surfaces that you are painting. If you want to help the paint stick, then you can use sugar soap.
Priming Surfaces for Painting
Priming in most cases is a must. Without it, the original colour may bleed into the fresh coat that you’ve just painted on. If the wood is new, then it may be a good idea to treat the wood with a knotting solution. One of the exceptions to not prime is if the paint is indoor-outdoor, if this is the case then you can skip the primer.
Choosing Your Tool for Painting
Always use a small, foam roller when painting on flat surfaces or to finish off the painting. Using a small, foam roller will not leave any brush marks and it will also give a flatter finish.
For the best finish, it is best to choose the correct brush for the job. The usual rule of thumb is to use synthetic paintbrushes for water-based paints and to use natural brushes for oil-based paints.
Use Masking Tape
To protect against any hardware like hinges, handles, or knobs as well as areas where you do not want any paint you should use masking tape. Some areas that you may not want to paint may be inside of the drawers, but this is up to you. If you use masking tape you can also create some contrast on the frame by painting patterns and shapes. When removing the tape, it is best to do it while the paint is still wet so that the tape doesn’t peel off the paint.
When painting it is best to do as many thin layers of paint as you can, but 2 will do. Never only do one coat of paint as it will not look as good. Do as many coats as you think necessary but before painting the final coat lightly sand the surfaces. Sanding the surface gently will give a better and longer-lasting finish, but make sure to wipe down the surface after sanding.
The Choice of Paint
If you want a distressed look for your furniture the chalk paint may be best for you. This is a high mineral content water-based paint. If the paint gets anywhere that you don’t want it, like the floor, then all you must do is clean it with water. Cleaning with water also applies to the brushes. Due to being a water-based paint, it is also healthier for the environment than solvent-based paint
Regular water-based paint is always a good option. This kind of paint will leave a silky-like finish with a bit of a sheen.
Oil-based paint will give a long-lasting and tough finish. It is what most choose as it comes in all kinds of types that will produce different kinds of gloss or sheen.
For a large depth of colour and a tough, durable finish then the best choice would be indoor-outdoor paint.
Waxing is Your Friend
With most types of paints, it is best to wax. The exception to this would be if you use a gloss or satin finish paint. Beware when waxing that one it is applied that you cannot repaint the piece again. This is due to the wax preventing any new paint from coating your furniture properly. If you wish to remove the wax later you can remove it with a microfiber cloth and white spirits, mineral spirits, or methylated spirits.